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Gene (Type)

Version: 0.2-RELEASE-2019_06_19 (2019-06-14)


If you spot any errors or omissions with this type, please file an issue in our GitHub.


The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Genes group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Canonical URL hierarchy

This is a new Type that fits into the hierarchy as follows:
Thing > BioChemEntity > Gene


A discrete unit of inheritance which affects one or more biological traits (Source: Examples include FOXP2 (Forkhead box protein P2), SCARNA21 (small Cajal body-specific RNA 21), A- (agouti genotype).

Latest types

Latest release: 0.3-RELEASE-2019_09_02

Previous types

Previous version: 0.2-DRAFT-2019_06_14

Previous release: 0.1-RELEASE-2018_11_10

Group Task & Issues

Key to specification table
  • Green properties/types are proposed by Bioschemas, or indicate proposed changes by Bioschemas to
  • Red properties/types exist in the core of
  • Blue properties/types exist in the pending area of
  • Black properties/types are reused from external vocabularies/ontologies
Property Expected Type Description
Properties from Gene ( integration).
alternativeOf Gene Another gene which is a variation of this one.
encodesBioChemEntity BioChemEntity Another BioChemEntity encoded by this one.
Inverse property: isEncodedByBioChemEntity
expressedIn AnatomicalStructure or
AnatomicalSystem or
BioChemEntity or
Tissue, organ, biological sample, etc in which activity of this gene has been observed experimentally. For example brain, digestive system.
hasSequence Text Nucleotide or amino acid sequence.
hasStatus Text One of pseudogene, dead, killed, live, predicted, suppressed.
Properties from BioChemEntity (pending integration).
associatedDisease MedicalCondition or
PropertyValue or
Disease associated to this BioChemEntity. Such a disease can be a MedicalCondition or a URL. If you want to add an evidence supporting the association, please use PropertyValue.
bioChemInteraction BioChemEntity A BioChemEntity that is know to interact with this item.
bioChemSimilarity BioChemEntity A similar molecular entity, e.g., obtained by fingerprint similarity algorithm.
biologicalRole DefinedTerm A role played by the molecular entity within a biological context.
hasBioChemEntityPart BioChemEntity Indicates a BioChemEntity that (in some sense) has this BioChemEntity as a part.
Inverse property: isPartOfBioChemEntity
hasMolecularFunction DefinedTerm or
Molecular function performed by this BioChemEntity; please use PropertyValue if you want to include any evidence.
hasRepresentation PropertyValue or
Text or
A common representation such as a protein sequence or chemical structure for this entity. For images use
isEncodedByBioChemEntity Gene Another BioChemEntity encoding this one.
Inverse property: encodesBioChemEntity
isInvolvedInBiologicalProcess DefinedTerm or PropertyValue or
Biological process this BioChemEntity is involved in; please use PropertyValue if you want to include any evidence.
isLocatedInSubcellularLocation DefinedTerm or PropertyValue or
Subcellular location where this BioChemEntity is located; please use PropertyValue if you want to include any evidence.
isPartOfBioChemEntity BioChemEntity Indicates a BioChemEntity that is (in some sense) a part of this BioChemEntity.
Inverse property: hasBioChemEntityPart
taxonomicRange DefinedTerm or Taxon or
Text or
The taxonomic grouping of the organism that expresses, encodes, or in someway related to the BioChemEntity.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A descripton of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue or
Text or
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject or
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork or
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork or
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing..
Inverse property: about.
url URL URL of the item.

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