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BioSample DRAFT Type

Version: 0.1-RC (2019-06-14)


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Samples group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Canonical URL

http://bioschemas.org/BioSample

Schema.org hierarchy

This is a new Type that fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:
Thing > BioChemEntity > BioSample

Description

A biological material entity that is representative of a whole.
Comments: Typically samples are intended to be representative of the whole or aspects thereof. Examples of samples include biomedical samples (blood, urine) and plant specimens held at herbaria.




Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


Property Expected Type Description
Properties from BioSample (pending schema.org integration).
additionalProperty PropertyValue A property-value pair representing an additional characteristics of the entitity, e.g. a product feature or another characteristic for which there is no matching property in schema.org.
Note: Publishers should be aware that applications designed to use specific schema.org properties (e.g. http://schema.org/width, http://schema.org/color, http://schema.org/gtin13, ...) will typically expect such data to be provided using those properties, rather than using the generic property/value mechanism.
collector Organization or Person The Person or Organization who collected the Sample.
custodian Organization or Person The Person or Organization who is responsible for the Sample.
dateCreated Date or DateTime The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
gender GenderType or Text Gender of the person. While http://schema.org/Male and http://schema.org/Female may be used, text strings are also acceptable for people who do not identify as a binary gender
isControl Boolean Indicates whether the sample is being used as a normal control, may be in combination with another sample.
itemLocation Place or
PostalAddress or
Text
Current location of the item.
locationCreated Place The location where the CreativeWork was created, which may not be the same as the location depicted in the CreativeWork.
samplingAge Integer The age of the object when the Sample was created.
Properties from BioChemEntity (pending schema.org integration).
associatedDisease MedicalCondition or
PropertyValue or
URL
Disease associated to this BioChemEntity. Such a disease can be a MedicalCondition or a URL. If you want to add an evidence supporting the association, please use PropertyValue.
bioChemInteraction BioChemEntity A BioChemEntity that is know to interact with this item.
bioChemSimilarity BioChemEntity A similar molecular entity, e.g., obtained by fingerprint similarity algorithm.
biogicalRole DefinedTerm A role played by the molecular entity within a biological context.
hasBioChemEntityPart BioChemEntity Indicates a BioChemEntity that (in some sense) has this BioChemEntity as a part.
Inverse property: isPartOfBioChemEntity
hasMolecularFunction DefinedTerm or
PropertyValueor
URL
Molecular function performed by this BioChemEntity; please use PropertyValue if you want to include any evidence.
hasRepresentation PropertyValue or
Text or
URL
A common representation such as a protein sequence or chemical structure for this entity. For images use schema.org/image.
isEncodedByBioChemEntity Gene Another BioChemEntity encoding this one.
Inverse property: encodesBioChemEntity.
isInvolvedInBiologicalProcess DefinedTerm or PropertyValue or
URL
Biological process this BioChemEntity is involved in; please use PropertyValue if you want to include any evidence.
isLocatedInSubcellularLocation DefinedTerm or PropertyValue or
URL
Subcellular location where this BioChemEntity is located; please use PropertyValue if you want to include any evidence.
isPartOfBioChemEntity BioChemEntity Indicates a BioChemEntity that is (in some sense) a part of this BioChemEntity.
Inverse property: hasBioChemEntityPart
taxonomicRange DefinedTerm or Taxon or
Text or
URL
The taxonomic grouping of the organism that expresses, encodes, or in someway related to the BioChemEntity.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A descripton of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue or
Text or
URL
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject or
URL
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork or
URL
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork or
Event
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing..
Inverse property: about.
url URL URL of the item.

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