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Taxon DRAFT Profile

Version: 0.4-DRAFT (19 June 2019)

Bioschemas profile for describing a biological taxon


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Biodiversity group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Schema.org hierarchy

This Profile fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:

Thing > Taxon

Description

This profile aims to denote a taxon by common properties such as its scientific name, taxonomic rank and vernacular names. It is also a means to link to existing taxonomic registers where each taxon has a URI.
Changes in 0.4:

  • taxonRank promoted to minimal marginality
  • parentTaxon, childTaxon and taxonRank are in namespace bioschemas.org until they be eventually accepted into schema.org.
  • scientificName and scientificNameAuthorship removed





Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


View all examples
Property Expected Type Description CD Controlled Vocabulary Example
Marginality: Minimum.
name Text
Schema:

The name of the item.


Bioschemas:

Currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for that taxon, with authorship and date information if known.

ONE
View ≪name≫ example
taxonRank PropertyValue
Text
URL
Schema:

The taxonomic rank of this taxon given preferably as a URI from a controlled vocabulary (e.g. the ranks from TDWG TaxonRank ontology or equivalent Wikidata URIs)


MANY
View ≪taxonRank≫ example
Marginality: Recommended.
parentTaxon Taxon
Text
URL
Schema:

Closest parent taxon of the taxon in question. Inverse property: childTaxon


Bioschemas:

Direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon

ONE
View ≪parentTaxon≫ example
url URL
Schema:

URL of the item.


Bioschemas:

Link to the webpage associated to this taxon

ONE
Marginality: Optional.
additionalType URL
Schema:

An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the ‘typeof’ attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.


Bioschemas:

A Taxon type from a well known vocabulary, e.g. DarwinCore http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon or http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonConcept#TaxonConcept

MANY
View ≪additionalType≫ example
alternateName Text
Schema:

An alias for the item.


Bioschemas:

Scientific name, with authorship and date information if known, of a synonym of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name.

MANY
View ≪alternateName≫ example
childTaxon Taxon
Text
URL
Schema:

Closest child taxa of the taxon in question. Inverse property: parentTaxon


Bioschemas:

Direct, most proximate lower-rank child taxa

MANY
View ≪childTaxon≫ example
hasCategoryCode CategoryCode
Schema:

A Category code contained in this code set.


MANY
sameAs URL
Schema:

URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item’s identity. E.g. the URL of the item’s Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.


Bioschemas:

URL of third-party webpages describing the same taxon

MANY
View ≪sameAs≫ example
vernacularName Text
Bioschemas:

A vernacular (common) name of the taxon

MANY
View ≪vernacularName≫ example

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