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TaxonName DRAFT Profile

Version: 0.1-DRAFT (09 June 2020)

Bioschemas profile for describing a name of a biological taxon, may it be valid (zoology) / accepted (botany) or not


If you spot any errors or omissions with this type, please file an issue in our GitHub.


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Biodiversity group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Schema.org hierarchy

This Profile fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:

Thing > CreativeWork > TaxonName

Description

This profile povides a way to denote the scientific names of a taxon. The taxon accepted/valid name is linked to the taxon with property scientificName while the synonyms are linked with property alternateScientificName.

Latest profiles

Latest release: none

Latest draft: 0.1-DRAFT

Previous profiles

Previous version: none


Group Use Cases Cross Walk Task & Issues Examples Live Deploys
Biodiversity

You can read the release version of this specification here.




Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


View all examples
Property Expected Type Description CD Controlled Vocabulary Example
Marginality: Minimum.
name Text
Schema:

The name of the item.


Bioschemas:

A name of that taxon without authorship and date information

ONE
View ≪name≫ example
Marginality: Recommended.
author Organization
Person
Schema:

The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.


Bioschemas:

Authorship and date information associated to this taxon name, formatted as per the numenclatural rules

MANY
View ≪author≫ example
taxonRank PropertyValue
Text
URL
Schema:

The taxonomic rank of this taxon given preferably as a URI from a controlled vocabulary – (typically the ranks from TDWG TaxonRank ontology or equivalent Wikidata URIs).


MANY
View ≪taxonRank≫ example
url URL
Schema:

URL of the item.


Bioschemas:

Link to the webpage associated to this taxon

ONE
Marginality: Optional.
additionalType URL
Schema:

An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the ‘typeof’ attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.


Bioschemas:

An equivalent TaxonName type from a well known vocabulary, e.g. TDWG: http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#TaxonName

MANY

“@context”: [ “http://schema.org”, { “tn”: “ http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#” } ], “@type” : “TaxonName”, “additionalType”: “tn:TaxonName”

description Text
Schema:

A description of the item.


ONE
identifier PropertyValue
Text
URL
Schema:

The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.


Bioschemas:

A PropertyValue should be used to relate the taxon name with counterpart identifiers within well known authorities such as GBIF, WoRMS, EoL etc. Wikidata properties may be used in this respect, e.g.: NCBI id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P685), GBIF id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P846), EoL id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P830), iNaturalist id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P3151), WoRMS id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P850), Fishbase id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P938), TAXREF id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P3186), …

View ≪identifier≫ example
isBasedOn CreativeWork
Product
URL
Schema:

A resource from which this work is derived or from which it is a modification or adaption. Supersedes isBasedOnUrl.


Bioschemas:

A CreativeWork, such as a scholarly article that coined the name or asserted its status

MANY
View ≪isBasedOn≫ example

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