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Taxon DRAFT Profile

Version: 0.7-DRAFT (09 June 2020)

Bioschemas profile for describing a biological taxon


If you spot any errors or omissions with this type, please file an issue in our GitHub.


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Biodiversity group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Schema.org hierarchy

This Profile fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:

Thing > Taxon

Description

This profile aims to denote a taxon by common properties such as its scientific name, taxonomic rank and vernacular names. It is also a means to link to existing taxonomic registers where each taxon has a URI.
Changes in 0.7:

  • Use of identifier to add the taxon id within well known authorities (NCBI id, GBIF id, EoL id etc.)
  • Add property isBasedOn
  • Add properties scientificName and alternateScientificName to link the Taxon to TaxonName instances

Latest profiles

Latest release: 0.6-RELEASE

Latest draft: 0.7-DRAFT

Previous profiles

Previous version: 0.6-RELEASE

Previous release: 0.6-RELEASE


Group Use Cases Cross Walk Task & Issues Examples Live Deploys
Biodiversity

You can read the release version of this specification here.




Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


View all examples
Property Expected Type Description CD Controlled Vocabulary Example
Marginality: Minimum.
name Text
Schema:

The name of the item.


Bioschemas:

Currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for that taxon, with authorship and date information if known.

ONE
View ≪name≫ example
taxonRank PropertyValue
Text
URL
Schema:

The taxonomic rank of this taxon given preferably as a URI from a controlled vocabulary (e.g. the ranks from TDWG TaxonRank ontology or equivalent Wikidata URIs)


MANY
View ≪taxonRank≫ example
Marginality: Recommended.
parentTaxon Taxon
Text
URL
Schema:

Closest parent taxon of the taxon in question. Inverse property: childTaxon


Bioschemas:

Direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon

ONE
View ≪parentTaxon≫ example
scientificName TaxonName
Schema:

A TaxonName representing the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name for that taxon


ONE
View ≪scientificName≫ example
url URL
Schema:

URL of the item.


Bioschemas:

Link to the webpage associated to this taxon

ONE
Marginality: Optional.
additionalType URL
Schema:

An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the ‘typeof’ attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.


Bioschemas:

A Taxon type from a well known vocabulary, e.g. DarwinCore http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon or http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonConcept#TaxonConcept

MANY
View ≪additionalType≫ example
alternateName Text
Schema:

An alias for the item.


Bioschemas:

Scientific name, with authorship and date information if known, of a synonym of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name.

MANY
View ≪alternateName≫ example
alternateScientificName TaxonName
Schema:

A TaxonName representing a scientific name, with authorship and date information if known, of a synonym of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) name


MANY
View ≪alternateScientificName≫ example
childTaxon Taxon
Text
URL
Schema:

Closest child taxa of the taxon in question. Inverse property: parentTaxon


Bioschemas:

Direct, most proximate lower-rank child taxa

MANY
View ≪childTaxon≫ example
description Text
Schema:

A description of the item.


disambiguatingDescription Text
Schema:

A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.


Bioschemas:

Can be used to specify the taxon circumscription retained in this description, e.g. by denoting the scientific works that assert the status of the accepted/valid name and synonyms.

dwc:vernacularName Text
Bioschemas:

A vernacular (common) name of the taxon

MANY
View ≪dwc:vernacularName≫ example
identifier PropertyValue
Text
URL
Schema:

The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.


Bioschemas:

A PropertyValue should be used to relate the taxon with couterparts identifiers within well known authorities such as GBIF, WoRMS, EoL etc. Wikidata properties may be used in this respect, e.g.: NCBI id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P685), GBIF id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P846), EoL id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P830), iNaturalist id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P3151), WoRMS id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P850), Fishbase id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P938), TAXREF id (https://www.wikidata.org/entity/P3186), …

View ≪identifier≫ example
image ImageObject
URL
Schema:

An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.


isBasedOn CreativeWork
Schema:

A resource from which this work is derived or from which it is a modification or adaption. Supersedes, isBasedOnUrl.


Bioschemas:

A CreativeWork, such as a scholarly article, asserting the status of the accepted/valid name and synonyms, retained for the taxon circumscription

MANY
View ≪isBasedOn≫ example
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork
URL
Schema:

Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details. Inverse property: mainEntity.


sameAs URL
Schema:

URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item’s identity. E.g. the URL of the item’s Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.


Bioschemas:

URL of third-party webpages describing the same taxon

MANY
View ≪sameAs≫ example

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