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Taxon (Type)

Version: 0.1 (2018-11-09)


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Biodiversity group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Canonical URL

http://bioschemas.org/Taxon

Schema.org hierarchy

This is a new Type that fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:
Thing > Taxon

Description

A set of organisms asserted to represent a natural cohesive biological unit.




Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


Property Expected Type Description
Properties from Taxon (pending schema.org integration).
childTaxon Taxon or
Text or
URL
Closest child taxa of the taxon in question.
Inverse property: parentTaxon
hasCategoryCode CategoryCode A Category code contained in this code set.
parentTaxon Taxon or
Text or
URL
Closest parent taxon of the taxon in question.
Inverse property: childTaxon
taxonRank PropertyValue or
Text or
URL
The taxonomic rank of this taxon given preferably as a URI from a controlled vocabulary – (typically the ranks from TDWG TaxonRank ontology or equivalent Wikidata URIs).
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A descripton of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue or
Text or
URL
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject or
URL
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork or
URL
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork or
Event
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing..
Inverse property: about.
url URL URL of the item.

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