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LabProtocol (Type)

Version: 0.2 (2018-03-09)

Bioschemas specification describing LabProtocol in the life-science.


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Laboratory Protocols group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Canonical URL

http://bioschemas.org/LabProtocol

Schema.org hierarchy

This is a new Type that fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:
Thing > CreativeWork > LabProtocol

Description

An experimental protocol is a sequence of tasks and operations executed to perform experimental research in biological and biomedical areas. Experimental protocols are fundamental information structures that support the description of the processes by means of which results are generated in experimental research [1]. Experimental protocols describe how the data were produced, the steps undertaken and conditions under which these steps were carried out.
[1] Giraldo, O., García, A., López, F., & Corcho, O. (2017). Using semantics for representing experimental protocols. Journal of Biomedical Semantics, 8, 52. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13326-017-0160-y




Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


Property Expected Type Description
New properties for LabProtocol (pending schema.org integration).
duration Duration
Schema: The duration of the item (movie, audio recording, event, etc.) in ISO 8601 date format.
Bioschemas: The time it takes to actually carry out the protocol, in ISO 8601 date format.
instrument Text
Thing
URL
Schema: The object that helped the agent perform the action. e.g. John wrote a book with a pen.
Bioschemas: For LabProtocols it would be a laboratory equipment use by a person to follow one or more steps described in this LabProtocol.
Note: Bioschemas have added the following to the list of Expected Types: Text and URL.
purpose Text
Schema: A goal towards an action is taken. Can be concrete or abstract.
Note: Bioschemas have changed the Expected Types by removing MedicalDevicePurpose and Thing, and adding Text.
ChEBI:reagent BioChemEntity
Text
URL
Bioschemas: Reagent used in the protocol. It can be a record in a Dataset describing the reagent or a BioChemEntity corresponding to the reagent or a URL pointing to the type of reagent used. ChEBI and PubChem entities can be used whenever available. Commercial names are also acceptable (URL if possible)
sample BioChemEntity
Text
URL
Bioschemas: Sample used in the protocol. It could be a record in a Dataset describing the sample or a physical object corresponding to the sample or a URL pointing to the type of sample used.
software SoftwareApplication
Bioschemas: An application that can complete the request.
step CreativeWork
HowToSection
HowToStep
Text
Schema: A single step item (as HowToStep, text, document, video, etc.) or a HowToSection.
Bioschemas: Use in LabProtocol to include the step by step process followed in this protocol.
Properties from CreativeWork
about Thing Schema: The subject matter of the content. Inverse property: subjectOf.
accessMode Text Schema: The human sensory perceptual system or cognitive faculty through which a person may process or perceive information. Expected values include: auditory, tactile, textual, visual, colorDependent, chartOnVisual, chemOnVisual, diagramOnVisual, mathOnVisual, musicOnVisual, textOnVisual.
accessModeSufficient Text Schema: A list of single or combined accessModes that are sufficient to understand all the intellectual content of a resource. Expected values include: auditory, tactile, textual, visual.
accessibilityAPI Text Schema: Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityControl Text Schema: Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityFeature Text Schema: Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityHazard Text Schema: A characteristic of the described resource that is physiologically dangerous to some users. Related to WCAG 2.0 guideline 2.3 (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilitySummary Text Schema: A human-readable summary of specific accessibility features or deficiencies, consistent with the other accessibility metadata but expressing subtleties such as "short descriptions are present but long descriptions will be needed for non-visual users" or "short descriptions are present and no long descriptions are needed."
accountablePerson Person Schema: Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
aggregateRating AggregateRating Schema: The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
alternativeHeadline Text Schema: A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
associatedMedia MediaObject Schema: A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for encoding.
audience Audience Schema: An intended audience, i.e. a group for whom something was created. Supersedes serviceAudience.
audio AudioObject Schema: An embedded audio object.
author Organization
Person
Schema: The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
award Text Schema: An award won by or for this item. Supersedes awards.
character Person Schema: Fictional person connected with a creative work.
citation CreativeWork
Text
Schema: A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
comment Comment Schema: Comments, typically from users.
commentCount Integer Schema: The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
contentLocation Place Schema: The location depicted or described in the content. For example, the location in a photograph or painting.
contentRating Text Schema: Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
contentReferenceTime DateTime Schema: The specific time described by a creative work, for works (e.g. articles, video objects etc.) that emphasise a particular moment within an Event.
contributor Organization
Person
Schema: A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork or Event.
copyrightHolder Organization
Person
Schema: The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
copyrightYear Number Schema: The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
creator Organization
Person
Schema: The creator/author of this CreativeWork. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
dateCreated Date
DateTime
Schema: The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
dateModified Date
DateTime
Schema: The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified or when the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
datePublished Date Schema: Date of first broadcast/publication.
discussionUrl URL Schema: A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
editor Person Schema: Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
educationalAlignment AlignmentObject Schema: An alignment to an established educational framework.
educationalUse Text Schema: The purpose of a work in the context of education; for example, 'assignment', 'group work'.
encoding MediaObject Schema: A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia. Supersedes encodings.
exampleOfWork CreativeWork Schema: A creative work that this work is an example/instance/realization/derivation of. Inverse property: workExample.
expires Date Schema: Date the content expires and is no longer useful or available. For example a VideoObject or NewsArticle whose availability or relevance is time-limited, or a ClaimReview fact check whose publisher wants to indicate that it may no longer be relevant (or helpful to highlight) after some date.
fileFormat Text
URL
Schema: Media type, typically MIME format (see IANA site) of the content e.g. application/zip of a SoftwareApplication binary. In cases where a CreativeWork has several media type representations, 'encoding' can be used to indicate each MediaObject alongside particular fileFormat information. Unregistered or niche file formats can be indicated instead via the most appropriate URL, e.g. defining Web page or a Wikipedia entry.
funder Organization
Person
Schema: A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution.
genre Text
URL
Schema: Genre of the creative work, broadcast channel or group.
hasPart CreativeWork Schema: Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork. Inverse property: isPartOf.
Bioschemas: A particular case in Bioschemas is LabProtocol where structural elements are used to described advantages (situations the Protocol has been successfully employed), limitations (situations the Protocol would be unreliable or otherwise unsuccessful), applications (Applications of the protocol list the full diversity of the applications of the method and support if is possible to extend the range of applications of the protocol. e.g. northern blot assays, sequencing, etc.), and outcomes (outcome or expected result by a protocol execution).
For LabProtocol, in the applicationType, please use http://purl.org/net/SMARTprotocol#AdvantageOfTheProtocol for advantages, http://purl.org/net/SMARTprotocol#LimitationfTheProtocol for limitations, http://purl.org/net/SMARTprotocol#ApplicationOfTheProtocol for applicability, and http://purl.org/net/SMARTprotocol#OutcomeOfTheProtocol for outcomes.
headline Text Schema: Headline of the article.
inLanguage Language
Text
Schema: The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard. See also availableLanguage. Supersedes language.
interactionStatistic InteractionCounter Schema: The number of interactions for the CreativeWork using the WebSite or SoftwareApplication. The most specific child type of InteractionCounter should be used. Supersedes interactionCount.
interactivityType Text Schema: The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
isAccessibleForFree Boolean Schema: A flag to signal that the item, event, or place is accessible for free. Supersedes free.
isBasedOn CreativeWork
URL
Schema: A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html.
Note: Bioschemas have removed Product from the Expected Types.
isFamilyFriendly Boolean Schema: Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
isPartOf CreativeWork
Schema: Indicates a CreativeWork that this CreativeWork is (in some sense) part of.
keywords Text Schema: Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
learningResourceType Text Schema: The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
license CreativeWork
URL
Schema: A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
locationCreated Place Schema: The location where the CreativeWork was created, which may not be the same as the location depicted in the CreativeWork.
mainEntity Thing Schema: Indicates the primary entity described in some page or other CreativeWork. Inverse-property: mainEntityOfPage.
material Product
Text
URL
Schema: A material that something is made from, e.g. leather, wool, cotton, paper.
mentions Thing Schema: Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
offers Offer Schema: An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, perform a service, or give away tickets to an event.
position Integer
Text
Schema: The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
producer Organization
Person
Schema: The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
provider Organization
Person
Schema: The service provider, service operator, or service performer; the goods producer. Another party (a seller) may offer those services or goods on behalf of the provider. A provider may also serve as the seller. Supersedes carrier.
publication PublicationEvent Schema: A publication event associated with the item.
publisher Organization
Person
Schema: The publisher of the creative work.
publisherImprint Organization Schema: The publishing division which published the comic.
publishingPrinciples CreativeWork
URL
Schema: The publishingPrinciples property indicates (typically via URL) a document describing the editorial principles of an Organization (or individual e.g. a Person writing a blog) that relate to their activities as a publisher, e.g. ethics or diversity policies. When applied to a CreativeWork (e.g. NewsArticle) the principles are those of the party primarily responsible for the creation of the CreativeWork.
While such policies are most typically expressed in natural language, sometimes related information (e.g. indicating a funder) can be expressed using schema.org terminology.
recordedAt Event Schema: The Event where the CreativeWork was recorded. The CreativeWork may capture all or part of the event. Inverse property: recordedIn.
releasedEvent PublicationEvent Schema: The place and time the release was issued, expressed as a PublicationEvent.
review Review Schema: A review of the item. Supersedes reviews.
schemaVersion Text
URL
Schema: Indicates (by URL or string) a particular version of a schema used in some CreativeWork. For example, a document could declare a schemaVersion using an URL such as http://schema.org/version/2.0/ if precise indication of schema version was required by some application.
sourceOrganization Organization Schema: The Organization on whose behalf the creator was working.
spatialCoverage Place Schema: The spatialCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the place(s) which are the focus of the content. It is a subproperty of contentLocation intended primarily for more technical and detailed materials. For example with a Dataset, it indicates areas that the dataset describes: a dataset of New York weather would have spatialCoverage which was the place: the state of New York. Supersedes spatial.
sponsor Organization
Person
Schema: A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
temporalCoverage DateTime
Text
URL
Schema: The temporalCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the period that the content applies to, i.e. that it describes, either as a DateTime or as a textual string indicating a time period in ISO 8601 time interval format. In the case of a Dataset it will typically indicate the relevant time period in a precise notation (e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 would be written "2011/2012"). Other forms of content e.g. ScholarlyArticle, Book, TVSeries or TVEpisode may indicate their temporalCoverage in broader terms - textually or via well-known URL. Written works such as books may sometimes have precise temporal coverage too, e.g. a work set in 1939 - 1945 can be indicated in ISO 8601 interval format format via "1939/1945". Supersedes datasetTimeInterval, temporal.
text Text Schema: The textual content of this CreativeWork.
thumbnailUrl URL Schema: A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
timeRequired Duration Schema: Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
translationOfWork CreativeWork Schema: The work that this work has been translated from. e.g. 物种起源 is a translationOf “On the Origin of Species”. Inverse property: workTranslation.
translator Organization
Person
Schema: Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market, or that translates during some event.
typicalAgeRange Text Schema: The typical expected age range, e.g. '7-9', '11-'.
version Number
Text
Schema: The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
video VideoObject Schema: An embedded video object.
workExample CreativeWork Schema: Example/instance/realization/derivation of the concept of this creative work. eg. The paperback edition, first edition, or eBook. Inverse property: exampleOfWork.
workTranslation CreativeWork Schema: A work that is a translation of the content of this work. e.g. 西遊記 has an English workTranslation “Journey to the West”,a German workTranslation “Monkeys Pilgerfahrt” and a Vietnamese translation Tây du ký bình khảo. Inverse property: translationOfWork.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL Schema: An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
Bioschemas: Optional for LabProtocol as it has its own type in schema.org. If used, the recommended URL is experimental protocol as defined by SMART Protocols (SP:ExperimentalProtocol).
alternateName Text Schema: An alias for the item.
description Text Schema: A descripton of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text Schema: A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue
Text
URL
Schema: The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject
URL
Schema: An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork
URL
Schema: Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
name Text Schema: The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Schema: Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL Schema: URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork
Event
Schema: A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing. Inverse property: about.
url URL Schema: URL of the item.

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