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DataRecord Specification v. 0.1

Bioschemas specification describing a record in a dataset.

Type

Thing > CreativeWork > Dataset > DataRecord
Bioschemas specifications and types list.

Description:

A Record acts itself as a dataset although it refers to what could be seen as the minimum compact, complete and auto-descriptive unit in a dataset, i.e., a record. Bioschemas usage In Life Sciences, records will represent a BioChemEntity. A link to the represented physical entity should be done via “represents” property.


Property Expected Type Description
New properties for DataRecord (pending schema.org integration).
additionalProperty PropertyValue
Schema: A property-value pair representing an additional characteristics of the entitity, e.g. a product feature or another characteristic for which there is no matching property in schema.org. Note: Publishers should be aware that applications designed to use specific schema.org properties (e.g. http://schema.org/width, http://schema.org/color, http://schema.org/gtin13, ...) will typically expect such data to be provided using those properties, rather than using the generic property/value mechanism.
Bioschemas: Bioschemas usage. Additional to the use of name and description to describe this property in a human-readable way, additionalType should be used to specify the nature of the property/relation. For instance, if the property refers to a gene/protein disease association, you could use http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000983 as additionalType for the additionalProperty.
isBasedon Thing
CreativeWork
Product
URL
Schema: A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html. Supersedes isBasedOnUrl. Inverse property: isBasisFor.
Bioschemas: Bioschemas usage. Whenever possible use Evidence Codes (ECO, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols/ontologies/eco)
isBasisFor Thing
CreativeWork
Product
URL
Schema: Proposal: Add this property to CreativeWork. A resource for which this resource is basis for. Inverse property: isBasedOn.
Bioschemas: Bioschemas usage. Whenever possible use Evidence Codes (ECO, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols/ontologies/eco)
seeAlso Thing
URL
Schema: A pointer to any somehow related Thing. To be used whenever you are not so sure about the nature of the relation. Otherwise, use additionalProperty that will allow you to specify that nature.
Bioschemas:
 
Properties from Dataset
catalog DataCatalog
Schema: A data catalog which contains this dataset.
Bioschemas:
datasetTimeInterval DateTime
Schema: The range of temporal applicability of a dataset, e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 (in ISO 8601 time interval format).
Bioschemas:
distribution DataDownload
Schema: A downloadable form of this dataset, at a specific location, in a specific format.
Bioschemas:
includedDataCatalog DataCatalog
Schema: A data catalog which contains this dataset (this property was previously 'catalog', preferred name is now 'includedInDataCatalog').
Bioschemas:
includedInDataCatalog DataCatalog
Schema: A data catalog which contains this dataset.
Bioschemas:
issn Text
Schema: The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) that identifies this serial publication. You can repeat this property to identify different formats of, or the linking ISSN (ISSN-L) for, this serial publication.
Bioschemas:
spatial Place
Schema: The range of spatial applicability of a dataset, e.g. for a dataset of New York weather, the state of New York.
Bioschemas:
temporal DateTime
Schema: The range of temporal applicability of a dataset, e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 (in ISO 8601 time interval format).
Bioschemas:
 
Properties from CreativeWork
about Thing
Schema: The subject matter of the content.
Bioschemas:
accessMode Text
Schema: The human sensory perceptual system or cognitive faculty through which a person may process or perceive information. Expected values include: auditory, tactile, textual, visual, colorDependent, chartOnVisual, chemOnVisual, diagramOnVisual, mathOnVisual, musicOnVisual, textOnVisual.
Bioschemas:
accessModeSufficient Text
Schema: A list of single or combined accessModes that are sufficient to understand all the intellectual content of a resource. Expected values include: auditory, tactile, textual, visual.
Bioschemas:
accessibilityAPI Text
Schema: Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
Bioschemas:
accessibilityControl Text
Schema: Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
Bioschemas:
accessibilityFeature Text
Schema: Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
Bioschemas:
accessibilityHazard Text
Schema: A characteristic of the described resource that is physiologically dangerous to some users. Related to WCAG 2.0 guideline 2.3 (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
Bioschemas:
accessibilitySummary Text
Schema: A human-readable summary of specific accessibility features or deficiencies, consistent with the other accessibility metadata but expressing subtleties such as "short descriptions are present but long descriptions will be needed for non-visual users" or "short descriptions are present and no long descriptions are needed."
Bioschemas:
accountablePerson Person
Schema: Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
aggregateRating AggregateRating
Schema: The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
Bioschemas:
alternativeHeadline Text
Schema: A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
associatedMedia MediaObject
Schema: A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for encoding.
Bioschemas:
audience Audience
Schema: An intended audience, i.e. a group for whom something was created.
Bioschemas:
audio AudioObject
Schema: An embedded audio object.
Bioschemas:
author Person
Organization
Schema: The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
Bioschemas:
award Text
Schema: An award won by or for this item.
Bioschemas:
awards Text
Schema: Awards won by or for this item.
Bioschemas:
character Person
Schema: Fictional person connected with a creative work.
Bioschemas:
citation CreativeWork
Text
Schema: A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
Bioschemas:
comment Comment
Schema: Comments, typically from users.
Bioschemas:
commentCount Integer
Schema: The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
Bioschemas:
contentLocation Place
Schema: The location depicted or described in the content. For example, the location in a photograph or painting.
Bioschemas:
contentRating Text
Schema: Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
Bioschemas:
contributor Person
Organization
Schema: A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork or Event.
Bioschemas:
copyrightHolder Organization
Person
Schema: The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
copyrightYear Number
Schema: The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
Bioschemas:
creator Person
Organization
Schema: The creator/author of this CreativeWork. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
dateCreated Date
DateTime
Schema: The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
Bioschemas:
dateModified Date
DateTime
Schema: The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified or when the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
Bioschemas:
datePublished Date
DateTime
Schema: Date of first broadcast/publication.
Bioschemas:
discussionUrl URL
Schema: A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
editor Person
Schema: Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
educationalAlignment AlignmentObject
Schema: An alignment to an established educational framework.
Bioschemas:
educationalUse Text
Schema: The purpose of a work in the context of education; for example, 'assignment', 'group work'.
Bioschemas:
encoding MediaObject
Schema: A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia.
Bioschemas:
encodings MediaObject
Schema: A media object that encodes this CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
exampleOfWork CreativeWork
Schema: A creative work that this work is an example/instance/realization/derivation of.
Bioschemas:
expires Date
Schema: Date the content expires and is no longer useful or available. For example a VideoObject or NewsArticle whose availability or relevance is time-limited, or a ClaimReview fact check whose publisher wants to indicate that it may no longer be relevant (or helpful to highlight) after some date.
Bioschemas:
fileFormat URL
Text
Schema: Media type, typically MIME format (see IANA site) of the content e.g. application/zip of a SoftwareApplication binary. In cases where a CreativeWork has several media type representations, 'encoding' can be used to indicate each MediaObject alongside particular fileFormat information. Unregistered or niche file formats can be indicated instead via the most appropriate URL, e.g. defining Web page or a Wikipedia entry.
Bioschemas:
funder Organization
Person
Schema: A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution.
Bioschemas:
genre Text
URL
Schema: Genre of the creative work, broadcast channel or group.
Bioschemas:
hasPart CreativeWork
Schema: Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
headline Text
Schema: Headline of the article.
Bioschemas:
inLanguage Language
Text
Schema: The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard. See also availableLanguage.
Bioschemas:
interactionStatistic InteractionCounter
Schema: The number of interactions for the CreativeWork using the WebSite or SoftwareApplication. The most specific child type of InteractionCounter should be used.
Bioschemas:
interactivityType Text
Schema: The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
Bioschemas:
isAccessibleForFree Boolean
Schema: A flag to signal that the item, event, or place is accessible for free.
Bioschemas:
isBasedOn Product
URL
CreativeWork
Schema: A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html.
Bioschemas:
isBasedOnUrl CreativeWork
URL
Product
Schema: A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html.
Bioschemas:
isFamilyFriendly Boolean
Schema: Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
Bioschemas:
isPartOf CreativeWork
Schema: Indicates a CreativeWork that this CreativeWork is (in some sense) part of.
Bioschemas:
keywords Text
Schema: Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
Bioschemas:
learningResourceType Text
Schema: The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
Bioschemas:
license URL
CreativeWork
Schema: A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
Bioschemas:
locationCreated Place
Schema: The location where the CreativeWork was created, which may not be the same as the location depicted in the CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
mainEntity Thing
Schema: Indicates the primary entity described in some page or other CreativeWork.
Bioschemas: Bioschemas usage. Link to the BioChemEntity represented by this record.
material Product
URL
Text
Schema: A material that something is made from, e.g. leather, wool, cotton, paper.
Bioschemas:
mentions Thing
Schema: Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
Bioschemas:
offers Offer
Schema: An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, perform a service, or give away tickets to an event.
Bioschemas:
position Text
Integer
Schema: The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
Bioschemas:
producer Person
Organization
Schema: The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
Bioschemas:
provider Person
Organization
Schema: The service provider, service operator, or service performer; the goods producer. Another party (a seller) may offer those services or goods on behalf of the provider. A provider may also serve as the seller.
Bioschemas:
publication PublicationEvent
Schema: A publication event associated with the item.
Bioschemas:
publisher Person
Organization
Schema: The publisher of the creative work.
Bioschemas:
publishingPrinciples CreativeWork
URL
Schema: The publishingPrinciples property indicates (typically via URL) a document describing the editorial principles of an Organization (or individual e.g. a Person writing a blog) that relate to their activities as a publisher, e.g. ethics or diversity policies. When applied to a CreativeWork (e.g. NewsArticle) the principles are those of the party primarily responsible for the creation of the CreativeWork.

While such policies are most typically expressed in natural language, sometimes related information (e.g. indicating a funder) can be expressed using schema.org terminology.
Bioschemas:

recordedAt Event
Schema: The Event where the CreativeWork was recorded. The CreativeWork may capture all or part of the event.
Bioschemas:
releasedEvent PublicationEvent
Schema: The place and time the release was issued, expressed as a PublicationEvent.
Bioschemas:
review Review
Schema: A review of the item.
Bioschemas:
reviews Review
Schema: Review of the item.
Bioschemas:
schemaVersion URL
Text
Schema: Indicates (by URL or string) a particular version of a schema used in some CreativeWork. For example, a document could declare a schemaVersion using an URL such as http://schema.org/version/2.0/ if precise indication of schema version was required by some application.
Bioschemas:
sourceOrganization Organization
Schema: The Organization on whose behalf the creator was working.
Bioschemas:
spatialCoverage Place
Schema: The spatialCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the place(s) which are the focus of the content. It is a subproperty of contentLocation intended primarily for more technical and detailed materials. For example with a Dataset, it indicates areas that the dataset describes: a dataset of New York weather would have spatialCoverage which was the place: the state of New York.
Bioschemas:
sponsor Person
Organization
Schema: A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
Bioschemas:
temporalCoverage Text
DateTime
URL
Schema: The temporalCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the period that the content applies to, i.e. that it describes, either as a DateTime or as a textual string indicating a time period in ISO 8601 time interval format. In the case of a Dataset it will typically indicate the relevant time period in a precise notation (e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 would be written "2011/2012"). Other forms of content e.g. ScholarlyArticle, Book, TVSeries or TVEpisode may indicate their temporalCoverage in broader terms - textually or via well-known URL. Written works such as books may sometimes have precise temporal coverage too, e.g. a work set in 1939 - 1945 can be indicated in ISO 8601 interval format format via "1939/1945".
Bioschemas:
text Text
Schema: The textual content of this CreativeWork.
Bioschemas:
thumbnailUrl URL
Schema: A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
Bioschemas:
timeRequired Duration
Schema: Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
Bioschemas:
translator Person
Organization
Schema: Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market, or that translates during some event.
Bioschemas:
typicalAgeRange Text
Schema: The typical expected age range, e.g. '7-9', '11-'.
Bioschemas:
version Number
Text
Schema: The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
Bioschemas:
video VideoObject
Schema: An embedded video object.
Bioschemas:
workExample CreativeWork
Schema: Example/instance/realization/derivation of the concept of this creative work. eg. The paperback edition, first edition, or eBook.
Bioschemas:
 
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL
Schema: An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
Bioschemas: Bioschemas usage. Although not required for Records, additionalType can be used to specify the nature of the record. For instance, a UniProt protein record would have http://purl.uniprot.org/core/Protein as type.
alternateName Text
Schema: An alias for the item.
Bioschemas:
description Text
Schema: A description of the item.
Bioschemas:
disambiguatingDescription Text
Schema: A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
Bioschemas:
identifier PropertyValue

Text

URL
Schema: The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
Bioschemas:
image ImageObject

URL
Schema: An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
Bioschemas:
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork
URL
Schema: Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Bioschemas:
name Text
Schema: The name of the item.
Bioschemas:
potentialAction Action
Schema: Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
Bioschemas:
sameAs URL
Schema: URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
Bioschemas:
url URL
Schema: URL of the item.
Bioschemas:

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