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DataRecord DRAFT Type

Version: 0.2-DRAFT (2018-11-06)


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Datasets group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Canonical URL

http://bioschemas.org/DataRecord

Schema.org hierarchy

This is a new Type that fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:
Thing > CreativeWork > Dataset > DataRecord

Description

A DataRecord acts itself as a dataset although it refers to what could be seen as the minimum compact, complete and auto-descriptive unit in a dataset.




Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


Property Expected Type Description
Properties from DataRecord (pending schema.org integration).
additionalProperty PropertyValue A property-value pair representing an additional characteristics of the entitity, e.g. a product feature or another characteristic for which there is no matching property in schema.org.
Note: Publishers should be aware that applications designed to use specific schema.org properties (e.g. http://schema.org/width, http://schema.org/color, http://schema.org/gtin13, ...) will typically expect such data to be provided using those properties, rather than using the generic property/value mechanism.
isBasisFor CreativeWork or
Product or
URL
A resource for which this resource is the basis for.
Inverse property: isBasedOn
seeAlso Thing or
URL
A pointer to any (somehow related) Thing. To be used whenever you are not so sure about the nature of the relation. Otherwise, use more precise terms from pre-existing Controlled Vocabularies.
Properties from Dataset
distribution DataDownload A downloadable form of this dataset, at a specific location, in a specific format.
includedInDataCatalog DataCatalog A data catalog which contains this dataset. Supersedes catalog, includedDataCatalog.
Inverse property: dataset.
issn Text The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) that identifies this serial publication. You can repeat this property to identify different formats of, or the linking ISSN (ISSN-L) for, this serial publication.
measurementTechnique Text or
URL
A technique or technology used in a Dataset (or DataDownload, DataCatalog), corresponding to the method used for measuring the corresponding variable(s) (described using variableMeasured). This is oriented towards scientific and scholarly dataset publication but may have broader applicability; it is not intended as a full representation of measurement, but rather as a high level summary for dataset discovery.
For example, if variableMeasured is: molecule concentration, measurementTechnique could be: "mass spectrometry" or "nmr spectroscopy" or "colorimetry" or "immunofluorescence".
If the variableMeasured is "depression rating", the measurementTechnique could be "Zung Scale" or "HAM-D" or "Beck Depression Inventory".
If there are several variableMeasured properties recorded for some given data object, use a PropertyValue for each variableMeasured and attach the corresponding measurementTechnique.
variableMeasured PropertyValue or
Text
The variableMeasured property can indicate (repeated as necessary) the variables that are measured in some dataset, either described as text or as pairs of identifier and description using PropertyValue.
Properties from CreativeWork
about Thing The subject matter of the content.
Inverse property: subjectOf.
accessMode Text The human sensory perceptual system or cognitive faculty through which a person may process or perceive information. Expected values include: auditory, tactile, textual, visual, colorDependent, chartOnVisual, chemOnVisual, diagramOnVisual, mathOnVisual, musicOnVisual, textOnVisual.
accessModeSufficient Text A list of single or combined accessModes that are sufficient to understand all the intellectual content of a resource. Expected values include: auditory, tactile, textual, visual.
accessibilityAPI Text Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityControl Text Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityFeature Text Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityHazard Text A characteristic of the described resource that is physiologically dangerous to some users. Related to WCAG 2.0 guideline 2.3 (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilitySummary Text A human-readable summary of specific accessibility features or deficiencies, consistent with the other accessibility metadata but expressing subtleties such as "short descriptions are present but long descriptions will be needed for non-visual users" or "short descriptions are present and no long descriptions are needed."
accountablePerson Person Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
aggregateRating AggregateRating The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
alternativeHeadline Text A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
associatedMedia MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for encoding.
audience Audience An intended audience, i.e. a group for whom something was created. Supersedes serviceAudience.
audio AudioObject An embedded audio object.
author Organization or
Person
The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
award Text An award won by or for this item. Supersedes awards.
character Person Fictional person connected with a creative work.
citation CreativeWork or
Text
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
comment Comment Comments, typically from users.
commentCount Integer The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
contentLocation Place The location depicted or described in the content. For example, the location in a photograph or painting.
contentRating Text Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
contentReferenceTime DateTime The specific time described by a creative work, for works (e.g. articles, video objects etc.) that emphasise a particular moment within an Event.
contributor Organization or
Person
A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork or Event.
copyrightHolder Organization or
Person
The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
copyrightYear Number The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
correction CorrectionComment or
Text or
URL
Indicates a correction to a CreativeWork, either via a CorrectionComment, textually or in another document.
creator Organization or
Person
The creator/author of this CreativeWork. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
dateCreated Date or
DateTime
The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
dateModified Date or
DateTime
The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified or when the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
datePublished Date Date of first broadcast/publication.
discussionUrl URL A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
editor Person Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
educationalAlignment AlignmentObject An alignment to an established educational framework.
educationalUse Text The purpose of a work in the context of education; for example, 'assignment', 'group work'.
encoding MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia. Supersedes encodings.
encodingFormat Text or
URL
Media type typically expressed using a MIME format (see IANA site and MDN reference) e.g. application/zip for a SoftwareApplication binary, audio/mpeg for .mp3 etc.).
In cases where a CreativeWork has several media type representations, encoding can be used to indicate each MediaObject alongside particular encodingFormat information.
Unregistered or niche encoding and file formats can be indicated instead via the most appropriate URL, e.g. defining Web page or a Wikipedia/Wikidata entry. Supersedes fileFormat.
exampleOfWork CreativeWork A creative work that this work is an example/instance/realization/derivation of.
Inverse property: workExample.
expires Date Date the content expires and is no longer useful or available. For example a VideoObject or NewsArticle whose availability or relevance is time-limited, or a ClaimReview fact check whose publisher wants to indicate that it may no longer be relevant (or helpful to highlight) after some date.
funder Organization or
Person
A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution.
genre Text or
URL
Genre of the creative work, broadcast channel or group.
hasPart CreativeWork or
Trip
Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork.
Inverse property: isPartOf.
headline Text Headline of the article.
inLanguage Language or
Text
The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard. See also availableLanguage. Supersedes language.
interactionStatistic InteractionCounter The number of interactions for the CreativeWork using the WebSite or SoftwareApplication. The most specific child type of InteractionCounter should be used. Supersedes interactionCount.
interactivityType Text The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
isAccessibleForFree Boolean A flag to signal that the item, event, or place is accessible for free. Supersedes free.
isBasedOn CreativeWork or
Product or
URL
A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html. Supersedes isBasedOnUrl.
isFamilyFriendly Boolean Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
isPartOf CreativeWork or
Trip
Indicates an item or CreativeWork that this item, or CreativeWork (in some sense), is part of.
Inverse property: hasPart.
keywords Text Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
learningResourceType Text The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
license CreativeWork or
URL
A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
locationCreated Place The location where the CreativeWork was created, which may not be the same as the location depicted in the CreativeWork.
mainEntity Thing Indicates the primary entity described in some page or other CreativeWork.
Inverse-property: mainEntityOfPage.
material Product or
Text or
URL
A material that something is made from, e.g. leather, wool, cotton, paper.
mentions Thing Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
offers Offer An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, perform a service, or give away tickets to an event.
position Integer or
Text
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
producer Organization or
Person
The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
provider Organization or
Person
The service provider, service operator, or service performer; the goods producer. Another party (a seller) may offer those services or goods on behalf of the provider. A provider may also serve as the seller. Supersedes carrier.
publication PublicationEvent A publication event associated with the item.
publisher Organization or
Person
The publisher of the creative work.
publisherImprint Organization The publishing division which published the comic.
publishingPrinciples CreativeWork or
URL
The publishingPrinciples property indicates (typically via URL) a document describing the editorial principles of an Organization (or individual e.g. a Person writing a blog) that relate to their activities as a publisher, e.g. ethics or diversity policies. When applied to a CreativeWork (e.g. NewsArticle) the principles are those of the party primarily responsible for the creation of the CreativeWork.
While such policies are most typically expressed in natural language, sometimes related information (e.g. indicating a funder) can be expressed using schema.org terminology.
recordedAt Event The Event where the CreativeWork was recorded. The CreativeWork may capture all or part of the event.
Inverse property: recordedIn.
releasedEvent PublicationEvent The place and time the release was issued, expressed as a PublicationEvent.
review Review A review of the item. Supersedes reviews.
schemaVersion Text or
URL
Indicates (by URL or string) a particular version of a schema used in some CreativeWork. For example, a document could declare a schemaVersion using an URL such as http://schema.org/version/2.0/ if precise indication of schema version was required by some application.
sdDatePublished Date Indicates the date on which the current structured data was generated / published. Typically used alongside sdPublisher
sdLicense CreativeWork or
URL
A license document that applies to this structured data, typically indicated by URL.
sdPublisher Organization or
Person
Indicates the party responsible for generating and publishing the current structured data markup, typically in cases where the structured data is derived automatically from existing published content but published on a different site. For example, student projects and open data initiatives often re-publish existing content with more explicitly structured metadata. The sdPublisher property helps make such practices more explicit.
sourceOrganization Organization The Organization on whose behalf the creator was working.
spatialCoverage Place The spatialCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the place(s) which are the focus of the content. It is a subproperty of contentLocation intended primarily for more technical and detailed materials. For example with a Dataset, it indicates areas that the dataset describes: a dataset of New York weather would have spatialCoverage which was the place: the state of New York. Supersedes spatial.
sponsor Organization or
Person
A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
temporalCoverage DateTime or
Text or
URL
The temporalCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the period that the content applies to, i.e. that it describes, either as a DateTime or as a textual string indicating a time period in ISO 8601 time interval format. In the case of a Dataset it will typically indicate the relevant time period in a precise notation (e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 would be written "2011/2012"). Other forms of content e.g. ScholarlyArticle, Book, TVSeries or TVEpisode may indicate their temporalCoverage in broader terms - textually or via well-known URL. Written works such as books may sometimes have precise temporal coverage too, e.g. a work set in 1939 - 1945 can be indicated in ISO 8601 interval format format via "1939/1945".
Open-ended date ranges can be written with ".." in place of the end date. For example, "2015-11/.." indicates a range beginning in November 2015 and with no specified final date. This is tentative and might be updated in future when ISO 8601 is officially updated. Supersedes datasetTimeInterval, temporal.
text Text The textual content of this CreativeWork.
thumbnailUrl URL A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
timeRequired Duration Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
translationOfWork CreativeWork The work that this work has been translated from. e.g. 物种起源 is a translationOf “On the Origin of Species”.
Inverse property: workTranslation.
translator Organization or
Person
Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market, or that translates during some event.
typicalAgeRange Text The typical expected age range, e.g. '7-9', '11-'.
version Number or
Text
The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
video VideoObject An embedded video object.
workExample CreativeWork Example/instance/realization/derivation of the concept of this creative work. eg. The paperback edition, first edition, or eBook.
Inverse property: exampleOfWork.
workTranslation CreativeWork A work that is a translation of the content of this work. e.g. 西遊記 has an English workTranslation “Journey to the West”,a German workTranslation “Monkeys Pilgerfahrt” and a Vietnamese translation Tây du ký bình khảo.
Inverse property: translationOfWork.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A descripton of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue or
Text or
URL
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject or
URL
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork or
URL
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork or
Event
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing..
Inverse property: about.
url URL URL of the item.

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