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Taxon DRAFT Specification v. 0.1-draft

Bioschemas specification for describing a biological taxon


Contributors

The following people have been involved in the creation of this specification document. They are all members of the Biodiversity group.

Group Leader(s)
Other team members

Description

This profile aims to denote a taxon by common properties such as its scientific name, authority, taxonomic rank and vernacular names. It is also a means to link to existing taxonomic registers where each taxon has a URI.


Schema.org hierarchy

This is a new Profile that fits into the schema.org hierarchy as follows:

Thing > BioChemEntity



Key to specification table

Schema.org properties where the Expected Types have been changed, or new (i.e., Bioschemas created) properties/types are green.

Schema.org properties/types are red.

Pending Schema.org properties/types are blue.

External (i.e., from 3rd party ontology) properties/types are black.


CD = Cardinality


View all examples
Property Expected Type Description CD Controlled Vocabulary Example
Marginality: Minimum.
name Text
Schema:

The name of the item.


Bioschemas:

Scientific name, possibly including authorship and date information of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon. If the authorship and date information are not included, then they should be provided in the scientifiName property.

ONE
View ≪name≫ example
Marginality: Recommended.
isContainedIn BioChemEntity
Schema:

Indicates a BioChemEntity that this BioChemEntity is (in some sense) part of.


Bioschemas:

Direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon

ONE
rank Text
Bioschemas:

The taxonomic rank of this name

ONE
View ≪rank≫ example
taxonRank Text
Bioschemas:

The taxonomic rank of this name

ONE
View ≪taxonRank≫ example
url URL
Schema:

URL of the item. BioChemEntity: Link to the official webpage associated to this entity.


Bioschemas:

Link to the webpage associated with this taxon

ONE
Marginality: Optional.
additionalType URL
Schema:

An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the ‘typeof’ attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally. BioChemEntity: Whenever a suitable profile exists, the profile type should be used in addition to the BioChemEntity type. Other additional types are always possible via the additionalType property. For instance, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PR_000000001 is the type used for the Protein profile but http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_010043 or https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q8054 can be used as an additionalType if that results useful somehow to the data providers.


Bioschemas:

A Taxon type from a well known vocabulary, e.g. DarwinCore http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon or http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonConcept#TaxonConcept

MANY
View ≪additionalType≫ example
alternateName Text
Schema:

An alias for the item.


Bioschemas:

Scientific name, possibly including authorship and date information, of a synonym of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.

MANY
View ≪alternateName≫ example
sameAs URL
Schema:

URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item’s identity. E.g. the URL of the item’s Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.


Bioschemas:

URL of third-party webpages describing the same taxon

MANY
View ≪sameAs≫ example
scientificName Text
Bioschemas:

Full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known

ONE
View ≪scientificName≫ example
scientificNameAuthorship Text
Bioschemas:

Authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclatural Code. Example: “(Torr.) J.T. Howell”, “(Martinovský) Tzvelev”, “(Györfi, 1952)”

ONE
View ≪scientificNameAuthorship≫ example
vernacularName Text
Bioschemas:

A vernacular (common) name of the taxon

MANY
View ≪vernacularName≫ example

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